This canton is one of the smallest, yet the most densely populated canton of Switzerland. The following is … Sion is known for its sun, mountains and castles. Studyinginswitzerland. Winter sport enthusiasts will find the best and longest ski slopes in Lucerne. There are 20 cantons and six half cantons in this country. The Canton of Uri is situated in Central Switzerland, between the Lake of Lucerne and the Gotthard Pass. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. The Schwyz is located in Central Switzerland, between the lakes of Zurich and Lucerne. The canton of Glarus, also canton of Glaris, is a canton in east central Switzerland. Large market with over 80 stalls, exhibitions, all kinds of products made of apricots, concerts and performances. It’s characterized by vast mountains that reach over 4000 m height, with the most famous top being the Matterhorn, 4’478 m, in Zermatt. You may know Zurich as an international metropolis, but it also happens to be the largest canton of Switzerland. Depending on the canton, the cantonal government can either have five or seven members. The Bös Fulen at 2801 m is the highest point in Schwyz. The city of Bern is both the canton and federal capital. Cantons of Switzerland. There are ten district and 388 municipalities. Its capital and the densest city is the town of Aarau. The city of Zurich is the capital of the canton while German is the official language. You can reach Ticino by train from any major city in Switzerland. Zurich and Geneva are the biggest and also most expensive expat hubs in the country. Its capital city is Bellinzona; however, the city of Lugano has the highest population. Its landmark, the Jet d’Eau, is a large fountain on the lake. Two castles – the Castle of Valeria and Castle Tourbillon – sit on mountains overlooking one of Switzerland’s oldest cities. It’s considered the place where the pursuit of independence started. The climb up to the cliff and the view from the top overlooking the canyon is breathtaking. This culturally rich canton is surrounded by Lake Constance in the north, Vorarlberg in Austria and Liechtenstein in the eastern borders. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Canton of Vaud, Switzerland on Tripadvisor: See 38,866 traveler reviews and photos of Canton of Vaud tourist attractions. For historical and geographical reasons they differ widely: The largest canton (Graubünden/Grisons) has 192 times the area of the smallest (Basel-Stadt) but even less inhabitants while canton Zurich has about 80 times more inhabitants than canton Appenzell Innerrhoden. What tourists love to do here is to cruise on Lake Zug, which is Switzerland’s tenth largest lake and lies in Central Switzerland. It is home to the world-famous pyramid-shaped Matterhorn and its car-free village Zermatt, beautiful crystal clear mountain lakes, upper Rhône River Valley vineyards, the country’s largest glaciers and dams and so much more. We know that the Swiss country is made of cantons. Switzerland’s long history of armed neutrality has produced some of the best-preserved castles in Central Europe. The extremely high figure is closely connected to low tax rates in Switzerland. This canton is also one of the three original cantons of the Swiss Confederation. It is impossible not to mention to world-famous ski resorts such as Verbier, St Moritz, Zermatt and Crans-Montana all of which are frequented by the jet-set and lovers of winter sports. Your email address will not be published. There are 180 members in the cantonal council who are elected after every four years. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Or if you’re a jazz lover, you should visit Montreux in July and become amazed by the energy that flows during the yearly Jazz festival. The canton is home to a total population of 72’000. Its capital city is Fribourg. That changed in 1848 when Switzerland came out of civil war and switched to the federal structure it has now. Another small canton bursting with opportunities is the Canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden. Most of the cantons have unicameral parliaments with members varying from between 58 and 200. The canton of Schaffhausen is bordered by the Swiss cantons of Zurich and Thurgau, as well as the German districts of Waldshut, Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis, and Konstanz, Baden-Württemberg. This canton also attracts individuals that combine their love of hiking with a perfect glass of Chasselas in Epesses. Its population consists of approximately 1.463.000 people, and this canton is located in the Swiss Central Plateau, with Lake Zurich being the biggest lake in its territory. Science and industry work hand in hand thanks to the presence of globally renowned universities and research centers. The most populated area of the canton is the city of Berne, which is also the capital of Switzerland. This is a list of all cantons in the so called "official order": Zürich (ZH) Bern / Berne (BE) Luzern (LU) Uri (UR) Schwyz (SZ) Unterwalden (Obwalden (OW) / Nidwalden (NW)) It belongs to the southwestern part of Switzerland, in the Alpine region. Above all, Berne has a dreamlike landscape with its highest mountain being the Finsteraarhorn. Thanks for taking the time to let us know. The population of the cantons of Switzerland according to census results and latest official estimates. To plan your itinerary, visit the SBB website where you can book tickets. It is divided into 12 districts and 165 municipalities. This region is well known for its rural customs or traditions, such as the ceremonial descent of the cattle in autumn and cultural events such as folk music and rustic dances. One thing you should know is that Nidwalden is home to the Stanserhorn Cabrio, the world’s first open-top, double-decker cable car. The canton of Vaud is the main center for research and innovation in Switzerland and is one of the wealthiest regions in the world. Whereas The Delemont Basin, Clos du Doubs, Ajoie, the hill countries of Movelier, and the Freiberge are all under Jura’s territory. What makes Glarus so attractive to tourists is its mild climate in the valley and its alpine climate in the mountains. It is bordered by Lake Constance, the Rhine River and Germany to the north, so you can understand that you won’t be disappointed with the views if you are to visit. In terms of value, over 94% of Basel City's goods exports are in the chemical and pharmaceutical sectors. Whatever the legend is, Berne is home to a large cultural heritage. The difference between half cantons and full cantons lies in the belonging seats inside the Council of States. The canton is in the Eastern Switzerland region. Lago Maggiore and Lake of Lugano are the most important tourist attractions in the region. Geneva is one of the most important financial centers and a worldwide center for diplomacy due to the presence of the headquarters of many agencies of the United Nationsand the Red Cross. The canton of Solothurn belongs to the Espace Mittelland region and is in the German part of Switzerland. The canton is situated between the Prealps and the Swiss Central Plateau. The most picturesque city to visit in this canton is the town of Kreuzlingen, which marks the beginning of a lakeside road through towns full of half-timbered houses, such as Gottlieben, Steckborn and Berlingen. This means that each canton now has its own government, laws, and constitution. It’s most famous landmark is its Baroque cathedral with the Abbey Library, which was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1983. Basel is generally known as Switzerland’s cultural capital. Zurich’s ‘home mountain’ provides panoramic views across Switzerland’s largest city and its lake, with a vibrant nightlife and cultural scene attracting tourists around the world. Its capital is the city of St.Gallen, which you may know as an economic and cultural center of Eastern Switzerland, also a lively industrial and university town. Switzerland During WW2 – Was Switzerland Neutral? However, Lucerne is a whole German-speaking canton, considered as a magnet for international tourists from all over the world. The canton is area-wise nearly as small as Basel-Stadt, and half of that is used for agriculture. Uri has a population of 36,000, with most people living in the lower Reuss plateau, since the other half of Uri canton is mostly a mountainous area. But some credit also goes to the Lavaux vineyard terrace with 800 hectares, considered the biggest vineyard region in Switzerland. “Valais is one of the cantons with the most new cases in proportion to its population,” said the head of the canton’s health department, Esther Waeber-Kalbermatten. The cantons vary in size and population. The name Thurgau derives from Thur river, which crosses the canton. Historically, each canton had its own army and money. Located in the southern canton of Graubünden, where German, Romansh, and Italian are all spoken, Soglio is a beautiful little village tucked up in the mountains. The cantonal council consists of 150 members while the executive council has seven members. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The main source of income are tourism and agriculture. The cantonal governments are responsible for welfare, healthcare, public education, law enforcement, and taxation. We’ll make sure to change it. The capital is Glarus, which has the highest population number in the canton. You might’ve heard about Lucerne, the city, because of its magnificent shores of Lake Lucerne, and sights of mounts Pilatus and Rigi. The population speaks a variety of Alemannic German. The executive consists of seven members elected to serve a term of 4 years. Foreign employees residing in Switzerland whose gross salary does not exceed CHF 120,000 per year (CHF 500,000 in the Republic and Canton of Geneva) but who have additional sources of income or additional assets (e.g., income from securities, … Except for being the economic center of the canton, the city of Berne also holds the Swiss Parliament, situated in the Federal Palace. You may wish to rethink the image on number eleven. Useful links. This region is well known for numerous fortresses, castles, and hiking trails. As a pioneer in the field, the Canton of Solothurn has easy access to the know-how in fine-mechanics and handwork of the Swiss watch industry. Schaffhausen is the northernmost canton of Switzerland. Obwalden is considered a half canton, and it is located in the Sarner Valley in Central Switzerland. It belongs to the French-speaking part of the Swiss country, considering that it is bordered by Lake Geneva to the south and France to the west. It is the third largest by population and ranks fourth by size. We have reviews of the best places to see in Canton of Vaud. The canton of Valais is both a German-speaking canton and a French-speaking one. The canton is almost completely surrounded by France and by the Jura mountain range. The Swiss Confederation is a sovereign state in western-central Europe. It’s considered to be part of the Swiss Prealps. Its mesmerizing height of 23m is most certainly worth a visit. If there, you can enjoy a fantastic 260-degree view from the top deck as you travel up the Stanserhorn mountain. Name Abbr. Convince yourself and check this out: The Grand Canyon of Switzerland." Its population density number in 2018 was 406,506, and statistics show that this number is only increasing. Zurich’s ‘home mountain’ provides panoramic views across Switzerland’s largest city and its lake, with a vibrant nightlife and cultural scene attracting tourists around the world. The Canton of Thurgau is situated in the northeastern part of Switzerland. Jump to navigation Jump to search. All the beautiful panoramic views of wine, fondue, and winter are most certainly enjoyed best in the canton of Valais. It is located in the west-central part of the country. Other than that, Nidwalden offers a wide variety of different outdoor sports activities such as rafting, kayaking, and paragliding. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. This map shows cities, towns, villages, districts capitals, highways, main roads, secondary roads, railroads, rivers, lakes, mountains and landforms in Canton of Graubünden. For the most part, this is due to the influence of the city of Geneva, which also happens to be the capital of the canton. Five out of the thirteen dams are found within the Valais canton namely Grande Dixence Dam, Mauvoisin Dam, Emosson Dam, Zeuzier Dam, and Moiry Dam. The agricultural land is covered by vast vineyards especially along the shores of Lake Geneva. The federal constitution of Switzerland recognizes the sovereignty of the cantons. This canton in eastern Switzerland is widely known for its dramatic Alpine scenery and winter sports. If you are interested in a particular canton, click on it in the map below or use this list. The Canton Valais is Switzerland's largest apricot producing region and celebrates the rich harvest with a thank giving festival every two years. This canton is the only entirely Italian speaking canton in the south of the Swiss country. If you’re a coffee-lover, then you should visit the Jura coffee museum. The canton of Bern is the second largest by population and surface area. The canton’s population is slightly above a million, 12.45% of whom are foreigners. Whether you want to simply gaze at its pretty landscapes, hike, or take a swim, that totally depends on your adventurous mood. By Victor Kiprop on June 14 2018 in Society. As of 2010, 12.9% of the people are resident foreign nationals. Ticino borders the canton of Uri to the north, the canton of Valais to the west (through the Novena Pass), the canton of Grisons to the northeast, and Italy's regions of Piedmont and Lombardy to the south, and it surrounds the small Italian enclave of Campione d'Italia. Its territory covers the Linth, the Linth Plateau, and Walensee. Best International Schools in Zurich [2020/2021], Best Things to Do in Zurich, Switzerland (in Summer and Winter), 10 Best Things to Do in Basel, Switzerland, 9 Delightful Things to Do in Bern, Switzerland. Menuhin Festival. That’s why on August 1st, on the Swiss National Day, the oath of Rutlischwur is commemorated. Just another canton that shares its name with its capital city. Thus, it is a French-speaking canton with 484’000 people living in it. The restrictions come on top of new measures announced on October 22nd which saw the closing of all entertainment and leisure venues – cinemas, theatres, gyms, swimming pools and sport facilities. The canton is divided into four regions, and it borders France. Legends say this canton was named after the first animal that was killed in the nearby forests, from the founder of the canton itself, Duke Brechtold V. von Zähringen. Switzerland / Vaud Traffic, City Vaud is the 4th largest canton in Switzerland in terms of size and the 3rd largest in population. This canton’s population reaches the number of approximately 178.000. The canton of Zurich is the largest canton of Switzerland with a population of approximately 1’463’000. Go back to see more maps of Canton of Graubünden Lausanne is the largest and capital of the canton. The capital of Valois, it is a gateway to smaller villages in the canton. The canton of Jura is Switzerland’s youngest canton, known as a forested canton bordering France both in the West and North. This canton is named after the Aare river in Switzerland. It is spectacular in any way. This canton is considered to be a paradise for outdoor activities, whether those be through the foot, bicycle, water, cross country skiing, and snow-shoes. The capital, Lucerne, features a colorful and picturesque old town and 14th-century city walls, plus covered bridges, including the iconic Kapellbrücke with its 17th-century art. The canton of Schaffhausen is home to the second-largest waterfall in Europe – the Rhine Falls. Manufacturing is the canton’s primary economic activity although a large portion of the land is under agriculture. Capital Area A (km²) Population Census (C) 1980-12-02 Population Census (C) 1990-12-04 Population Census (C) 2000-12-05 Population Estimate (E) 2010-12-31 Population Estimate (E) 2019-12-31 ; Switzerland CHE Bern 41,285 6,365,960 The lake, the Alps, the plateaus, the vineyards and the charm of the countryside; it almost feels like a mini version of Switzerland! List of Cantons of Switzerland by area. Administration: Administration of the canton Zürich Administration of Zürich City Department for transportation - "Strassenverkehrsamt Zürich" (STVA) Winterthur is the second largest town of the canton Zürich Education: The University of Zürich ("Universität Zürich") is run by the "Kanton Zürich". Surrounded by mountains and lakes, affordable housing, low crime rates, and great healthcare, it’s a top choice for retiring in Switzerland. All of these dams have heights above 140 meters. The capital city Lausanne is the pivot of the canton’s economy, it hosts several manufacturing and processing industries. Its population is approximately 79’000. The cantons Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden (Nidwalden and Obwalden together are called … 54.000 people call this canton their home. Switzerland's largest canton is the canton of Graubünden (Grischun in Romansh and Grigioni in Italian) with a surface area of 7105 km2 The largest and most frequented lake of this canton, is The Lake of Neuchatel, which has a long coastline that appeals to so many tourists during the summer. The canton of Zurich is the largest with a population of 1.5 million people. The Trans Swiss Trail is one of its many hiking and cross-country skiing routes. The canton of Basel-Landschaft shares its borders with the Swiss cantons of Basel-Stadt, Solothurn, Jura, Aargau, and with the French région of Grand Est and the German state of Baden-Württemberg. The largest town in the Jura is Delemont. Half cantons only get one, while normal cantons get two seats. Neuchatel’s old town is filled with medieval castles and Gothic churches that belong to the 12th century. Along with portions of the German-speaking canton of Graubunden it forms a so-called Svizzera-Italiana (Italian Switzerland). The canton of Zurich is the largest with a population of 1.5 million people. The picture you ar eusing is actually Pensão Amor which is to be found in Lisbon, Portugal. This canton belongs in the Romandy area of the Swiss country (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). Obwalden has a population of 37,841. Its importance is evident, considering that Switzerland’s name derives from it, and the flag of Switzerland as well. This canton is of great importance due to the fact that it was one of the founding cantons of the Swiss federation. You may know Zurich as an international metropolis, but it also happens to be the largest canton of Switzerland. The canton borders St. Gallen and Appenzell-Innerrhoden. It is known as one of the smallest yet richest cantons in Switzerland. 645.000 people currently live in the beautiful canton of Aargau. On the shores of the lake, lies Neuchatel, the capital of the canton. And what does being a canton even mean? Each canton has several municipalities and the cantonal constitution awards a degree of autonomy to each municipality that includes the power to pass municipal laws and levy taxes. Basel borders on Germany as well as in France. Despite its size, Switzerland boasts some of the most popular expat destinations in the world. Graubunden: Switzerland in miniature: Graubunden is not only Switzerland's biggest canton, it is, in a sense, a microcosm of Switzerland itself, with its confusingly similar profile, its multicultural society, varied terrain and comprehensive tourist provision. As you can tell from the beautiful pictures and our short descriptions, the cantons of Switzerland have a lot to offer for its citizens and foreign visitors. Ticino is south of the Alps and almost completely surrounded by Italy. It is divided into 12 … Second, Davos is home to the annual World Economic Forum, also famous for skiing and hiking. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. But just how many of them are there? The highest mountain in Zurich is the 1292 m high Schnebelhorn. Its capital city is Chur, which is the largest town in the canton. We have reviews of the best places to see in Canton of Valais. Except for the language, you can see how Italian culture reflects in the canton’s architecture, traditions, and culinary choices. By the time they Swiss federal state was formed in 1848, the cantons had increased to 25. More. This, because of the large number of museums and the variety of cultural events that this city hosts. The Canton of Vaud is the second largest wine producing canton in Switzerland. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Canton of Valais, Switzerland on Tripadvisor: See 242,224 traveler reviews and photos of Canton of Valais tourist attractions. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The cost of living is not the same everywhere in Switzerland, as for example, housing in the canton of Geneva is very expensive, which is not necessarily the case in the canton of Fribourg or in another similar canton.For many years, Swiss German cantons and even Central Switzerland have been the cantons with the lowest taxes, offering cheaper taxes and Uri was one of the most … The famous Chapel Bridge dating from the 14th century is one of its most famous landmarks. Between 1353 and 1481, the cantons had increased to eight. The biggest benefit? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. First, the city St. Moritz in this region is an upscale resort town and Winter Olympics host which offers ski runs, an outdoor ice rink and ski jumping. Vaud is a mountainous district situated in the Romandy, western Switzerland. Swiss government webpage on retiring in Switzerland. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German as their first language, whereas Albanian is the second most common. The canton of Vaud has a population of about 790,000. What characterizes this canton are the numerous mountains in the north of Aargau and many castles such as the Lenzburg, the Hallwyl Water Castle, and the Habsburg Castle. Lugano, in the Ticino canton is another prestigious destination thanks to its lake and natural scenery and its location on the border with Italy makes it a popular place to buy a luxury villa. Between 1513 and 1798, the number had increased to 13 to form the Thirteen-Canton Confederation. The canton of Geneva is considered to be the most cosmopolitan area of the whole of Switzerland. Switzerland is made up of 26 cantons each with its own government, legislature, constitution, and judicial system. Ticino is the southernmost canton of Switzerland near the Italian border. The city of Solothurn is the capital of the canton and regarded as the most elegant Baroque town in Switzerland. Lakes in the canton include parts of Lake Lucerne, Lake Sarnen, Lake Lungern, Wichelsee, Tannensee, and Melchsee. It has a population of about 8.4 million and its capital city is Bern. Coronavirus (COVID-19) deaths in Switzerland in 2020, by canton Rate of COVID-19 cases in most impacted countries worldwide as of Nov. 25, 2020 Further Content: You might find this interesting as well The canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden offers unique sights and stunning natural beauty, with mountain landscapes that are guaranteed to amaze any tourist. It is mainly agricultural with 12.000 ha of farmland and Santis is its highest peak. Its population consists of 197.000 habitants. Its population consists of approximately 1.463.000 people, and this canton is located in the Swiss Central Plateau, with Lake Zurich being the biggest lake in its territory. This region is worldwide known for the delicious cheese they make. The canton is located in Romandy, which is the French-speaking part of Switzerland. The Canton of Neuchatel is a rural, French-speaking canton. The Valais is a canton on the southern part of Switzerland. However, the canton is known for the production of white wine. Located on the shores of Lake Geneva, Lausanne has a very diverse and unique landscape. "Our favourite place in the Swiss mountains are the spectacular cliffs of the Creux du Van in the Canton of Neuchatel. The highest peak of the canton is Les Diablerets, reaching a height of 3’2010 m. Evidently, lake Geneva makes this canton a gravity point for tourists, with its beautiful views and great waters to dive in. Canton of Basle-City is Switzerland's seventh-largest economic centre and has the highest GDP per capita in the country, ahead of the cantons of Zug and Geneva. It is a home to more than 450 wine makers (vignerons in French), and almost 4,000 hectares of vineyards that extend from Geneva to Montreux. There are ten districts and 309 municipalities in Vaud. In the early thirteenth century, three cantons merged and formed a single political and economic unit but maintained their autonomy. Ticino is also a popular canton due to its proximity to Italy and its Mediterranean flair. The western and northern parts of the canton belong to the Swiss Plateau and the southern part to the Swiss Prealps. There are thirteen dams considered to be the tallest in Switzerland. Graubünden is area-wise the largest canton in Switzerland with over 600 lakes, 150 valleys, and over 900 mountain peaks in the canton. What Type Of Government Does Switzerland Have? Lausanne is the fourth largest town in Switzerland and also the capital of the canton of Vaud. The canton is bilingual, with French spoken by two-thirds of the citizens and German by about one third. Members of both councils serve for a term of 4 years. In 1979, the canton of Jura seceded from the canton of Bern to bring the total tally 26. Geographically, it is situated in the Swiss Central Plateau and Lake Zurich is the biggest lake in the canton. If you ever feel like getting a taste of Italy in Switzerland, then the Canton of Ticino should definitely be your top destination. There are 160 members in the cantonal council and seven members in the executive council. This unique location allows visitors to get from one country to another with public transport quickly. You will gain wonderful insights on how coffee is made and how coffee machines work. The canton of Ticino , formally the Republic and Canton of Ticino, is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. COPYRIGHT © 2020 STUDYING IN SWITZERLAND. Zug is a canton with a population of approximately 122’000. 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