Ignorance nowadays, with all the information available at everyone's finger tips -- libraries have computers and newspapers if people can't afford their own -- ignorance is a choice. The truth is usually somewhere in the middle of it all. In fact, I have searched for a particular picture I have of her (when she was much younger, closer to your age bracket) because I was going to try to email it to you. Margaret Perrottet from San Antonio, FL on February 12, 2013: Good article, reminding us of the importance of checking your facts. Most people don’t listen at all if they think they will hear something contrary to what they want to believe. Amanda Severn from UK on December 10, 2011: Some years ago I studied hypnosis, and during the process I learned a great deal about how we humans are wired. I don't mind sites where someone tells their story but when looking for anything medical I go to Mayo clinic. That is just one example. Again, verify the statement or belief. Unfortunately, at close to 60, those sources have been proven wrong over and over again, where I just do not believe what they print. Practice: Ask several friends to complete the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. so we have something to reference when they do nothing they claimed they would. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on May 19, 2013: C E Clark (author) from North Texas on May 18, 2013: phdast7, thank you for reading, commenting, and sharing this article! If there is a lot of difference in results, then the inter-term reliability of the test is low. The one that would work for 10,000 hours Which brings something to mind. Thank you clippy34, for taking the time to read and comment on my hub. Very much appreciate the time you take to do this and agree with your analysis. 0000006775 00000 n Always research the things you learn to find out what other people think about it and to find out if there's any truth to it in the first place. If enough people allow themselves to be fooled in this way, we could very well lose our democracy and find ourselves in an authoritarian state. Researching and verifying information usually takes very little time, often just seconds, and would help prevent the spread of misinformation that is so prevalent nowadays. Reliability can be measured and quantified using a number of methods. Question: Did a 1-Year-Old really show up in Immigration Court? I think it's wise to read many different sources before relying on any one of them, taking their slant into consideration. Take a few seconds or minutes to research the facts. Checking the reliability of an informational website, especially when writing papers for school, is a necessity. 0000023179 00000 n For political fact checking, I like to use the fact checkers such as Politifact and Factcheck.org. Thanks for stopping by. I always try to find a differing view, and those views are usually 70% correct, while the "acceptable sources" are proven wrong. It is the unknown that encourages fear, and fear encourages war. The only time I’m not open to listening is when I’ve heard the same old song before. Medical advise is given best by people with no medical background . 0000007689 00000 n Information should be fair and free from bias. From the beginning of newspapers and magazines and other written words, the writer of those periodicals has had an agenda that they are promoting through their writing. Lesley T from Australia on September 15, 2012: This is a most informative hub and essential to writers starting out here on HubPages like me. Is the name of the author/creator on the page? If she gets the same score, then the reliability of the test is high. The Internal Controls in the Small Business Environment: The Key to Insuring the Reliability and Accuracy of Financial Statements. Their agenda is their purpose for writing what they write, in the way they write it, in order to sway their reader’s opinion or position on the subject they are writing about. Many institutions provide such services to the public. Of corse I've been immersed in politics for so long, over 30 years, that I know a lot of this stuff already -- like those guys in the toll booths -- they can pick up the right amount of change without even looking because they've done it so many times and for so long. UUI votes and will share. 0000008238 00000 n In other words you and I may have one or two great, great, great, great grandparents in common. Answer: It isn't that difficult to research issues online and to determine if news is truly fake or not. Again, measurement involves assigning scores to individuals so that they represent some characteristic of the individuals. Why? Did you mean out breed? That is, they believe that as a journalist, they're obligated to give equal time to all sides of a given issue, even if one side is on the fringe. Most people, most of the time, adopt heuristics refined by experience. 7. Is there a link to a homepage? Conventional wisdom is that widespread contribution without adequate credentialing of contributors will lead to poor accuracy and poor reliability of information. Basically, the chances for a more accurate test result increase with a better sample," she noted.-Stay up-to-date on the biggest health and wellness news with our weekly recap. As indicated above, internal controls are the policies and procedures that a firm uses to safeguard its assets, insure the accuracy of financial reporting, and prevent fraud. Welcome to hubpages, looking forward to more of your hubs! Even raw data may differ from other different studies depending on how the data was collected. News reports and articles in magazines, or wherever you find them have never been balanced from the time the first one was written or spoken. 4. I like to listen to both sides, and several reports from different sources. There are correct ways to go about conducting research and experiments, and there are sloppy, less reliable ways to do it. Is the politician you trust most really telling the truth? Be informed, and know your facts whether they pertain to the Bible, politics, products and services, or statistics and scientific determinations. 0000025151 00000 n Anyway...I insist on hearing both sides....all sides. Just because something was stated persuasively, or convincingly, by your favorite politician, actor, singer, author, or best friend, does not make it fact. The same news story will be reported very differently on ABC, CBS, CNN, and in the New York Times, Time Magazine, The Dallas Morning News, USA Today, the Wall Street Journal, etc. Sometimes it is an advocate for a particular social issue who wants to influence your opinion on things like the environment, abortion, the legal drinking age, prayer in school, or any number of different issues that will affect millions of people. Spellings sometimes vary with different families. Anyone can write anything they wish pretty much anywhere. The Onion is one of those, but there are many others. … Two follow-up tests, using a more accurate polymerase chain reaction, or PCR test, showed the governor didn’t have the virus. Interrater reliability (also called interobserver reliability) measures the degree of … It is important to know facts from opinion. To consider further the distinction between ‘facts’ and ‘truth’ 6. It is one of my most accessed hubs through Google. I would go to our respected institutions like universities, colleges, and various government departments as well as known authorities on various subjects and issues to get reliable information. Aldrich, Rothermel, Humphrey, Van Buskirk, Hagaboon, Cronkite, Wood, and Clark. 1. I never research anything on the social media. 2018 Oct 15;14(10):1717-1723. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.7380. Very credible. To consider some warnings about ‘official data’ 5. Even if they are, there is only 24 hours in a day and people have life to live and don't want to waste it checking facts. To offset the lies they choose to believe are truth, they vote for someone who will bring their fear into being without realizing they are playing right into the hands of the real enemy. Nowadays with the Internet and first class search engines, it often takes only seconds to determine the truth of statements and accusations. 0000003833 00000 n I guess some people don't like what I've written, but I used an extremely credible source for my reference which I listed, and it is the same one used in our English Department at the University of North Texas. To learn what is meant by the validity, reliability, and accuracy of information 4. Your Life Is Not Over Because You Dropped Out of High School.” I learned so much about government and how it works from him, and I’m not talking about civics class, which I aced 3 times without his help. Jeff Berndt from Southeast Michigan on January 12, 2013: It's important to remember that everyone has a bias--but sometimes those biases work to obfuscate the truth in ways that might surprise you. 0000008028 00000 n It is important to evaluate the source and the possibilities for inaccuracies. Once immersed in politics for a while, one begins to recognize the voices of truth and things begin to fall into place and be easier understood. Basically, reliability refers to the trustworthiness of the financial statements. Does your favorite celeb really know what s/he is talking about? When in doubt, check it out. Tips for Citing Social Media I can be very sarcastic and I have a dry sense of humor most often. Some information sources are more credible than others, because they have been in business for a very long time and have established a strong reputation for accuracy and dependable facts. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on July 19, 2016: Robert Sacchi, thank you for sharing that experience. I've found it's often best to deal with the raw data rather than the analysis. We are human after all. Reliability is about the consistency of a measure, and validity is about the accuracy of a measure. Question: Was Starfish Prime a nuclear test? For some reason people tend to accept whatever these email forwards say without question, never even wondering who originated the ‘forward’ or whether there is even a single word of accuracy in them. I am extremely careful to question, check and validate...just about everything. The study also determined that completeness of these Wikipedia articles was lowest (68%) in the category "pharmacokinetics" and highest (91.3%) in the category … The raciest would have us believe that President Obama and the Democrats are responsible for "W" every action the 2 years before President Obama was elected. It would be unethical at the least to do that when they haven't examined the patient, etc. It seems that this is only a good argument based on the assumption that the majority of people ARE good judges of reliable information. I am not an intellectual snob and I have gone to Wiki at times to gather some general information before I CONTINUED my research. Generally children and animals love me. 2. Do you know what the GIGO rule is? What indications do you see that the information is or is not well researched or provides sufficient evidence? Sadly, people as uninformed as the electorate are often voted into office and that is why our country is quickly becoming a 3rd world country for the majority and a haven for the wealthy. It’s important to consider reliability and validity when you are creating your research design , planning your methods, and writing up your results, especially in quantitative research . Make sure the source is written by a trustworthy author and/or institution. However when asked, most college professors would agree that Wikipedia is, in fact, an unreliable source for reasons ranging from its unknown authors to references with a certain bias. Opinions cannot be verified because they are not facts. Freedom of speech makes it possible for anyone to write whatever they wish online within certain limitations. If your reference or information source is not credible, neither will your research paper or your opinion that you base on that reference/source be credible. Learn who s/he is and what their agenda has been previously. Many of the parents have been deported without their children months ago. Big business and advertisers do the same as does our government. I think I have answered that in the text of this article. The internet is full of websites that were started five minutes ago. In social sciences, the researcher uses logic to achieve more reliable results. Very credible. In general, universities and government agencies have a great deal of credibility. And thank you for the compliment. The information here is exactly what is included in the guide I was required to buy and learn when I took my college writing courses. I actually like Great Britain's way of doing things better than here because here we really have only 2 choices and sometimes neither is terribly palatable. Research the person who is making the statement. Just enjoy your ride and make the best of it. The best way to know the difference between fake news and real news is to be informed. Do not assume anything. The fact is that we never could trust anyone to tell us 100% of the truth 100% of the time -- if anyone knew what it was in the first place! C E Clark (author) from North Texas on August 24, 2015: Peggy W, thank you for sharing your thoughts on this important subject. Tell me something I haven’t heard before and if you can back it up with solid reference, I may even change my mind about something. Why is "because the source is widely accepted as reliable, it is reliable" a good argument. I’ve read that most people are just 4 generations removed from each other. They will say and do whatever it takes to bring people in line with their beliefs and ideas because they truly believe the end justifies the means. That is an important reason for reading and being informed by a variety of different sources. What do you know about the person who wrote that ‘forward’ you received in your email? Knowing where an author is coming from is important in judging what they have to say. "The dumb always 'out bread' the smart . Numerous studies have rated Wikipedia's accuracy. Recently I read a hub, can't remember who wrote it, but the author pointed out that listening to only one news source was little different from not listening to any because as explained in this article, every news agency, and really, every person has a slant, an agenda, and so one must listen to and ideally read, several news agencies accounts. Lots of people poo-poo psychology, but often the na-sayers are the ones most influenced and manipulated using PSYC methods without even knowing it. , a 12-month old was forced to appear in Court to represent him or herself we seek to streamline understanding... 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