The berries, which ripen in late summer and fall are a deep red which makes it stand out. They can be picked right into winter, but the colour is not as brilliant. The two species that I’ve observed most commonly around the Ohio River Valley are R. typhina (staghorn sumac) and R. copallina (winged or shining sumac), but once you develop an eye for this genus they’re all very easy to spot.Many bear very close resemblance to the staghorn. Bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. So you might want to spare just one. This botanical group is also called the "cashew" family, and cashew trees ( Anacardium occidentale ) are part of it. In the meantime, I hope I have removed some of the scare factor from this versatile, tasty and plentiful ingredient. So now that sumac season is upon us, I look forward to finding some new recipes to share. Categories: edible weeds, main dish, recipes, wild fruit | Tags: cooking with sumac, edible sumac, poison sumac, preserving sumac, staghorn sumac, sumac berries | Permalink. Individual panicles of flowers can get to about up to 30 cm (1') long and 15 cm (1/2') across. I like it because while it is a good substitute for the lemon, it is something that is truly local. Categories: edible weeds, main dish, recipes, wild fruit | Tags: cooking with sumac, edible sumac, poison sumac, preserving sumac, staghorn sumac, sumac berries | Permalink. There are many varieties of edible sumac around the world. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. Height. Fesenjun,  a Persian dish traditionally made with chicken (or meat) in a pomegranate and walnut sauce. Staghorn sumac can be differentiated from poison sumac through a variety of characteristics. Although technically a shrub, it can grow to a tree size. Rhus glabra L., Rhus hirta (L.) and Rhus aromatica Ait. The fruiting head is a compact cluster of round, red, hairy fruits called drupes. Where does it grow? The reluctance to try sumac is understandable. However, I continue to meet people who are very skeptical, if not terrified of using this fruit, so I thought it worthwhile to review my earlier posts and offer further information on the plant before I create any more recipes with it. For some beautiful photos of this plant at all stages of its life, see this site, and you will have little difficulty identifying it when you come across it. For those of you who are familiar with the foraged ingredients I use, you will already be familiar with my use of sumac, in powder and liquid form. The Staghorn Sumac Fruit Despite these berries having a fuzzy look and feel, the Sumac fruit cluster is technically edible. How to Identify Staghorn or Smooth Sumac. It is often paired with the word ‘poison’, as in ‘poison sumac’ which contains the same irritant as poison ivy, and we know how nasty that can be. I use the powder.. yet there is a shrub near a store i go to that i have been looking at for ages.. But poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) is actually more closely related to poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) than staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) despite the shared common name.A stand of staghorn sumac. All edible sumacs have red, rough-textured ones. I have tons of staghorn sumac. Intrigued with the pie Hilda. I love sumac dried but have never used it in other forms. Also, do not pick white Sumac berries; these belong to Poison Sumac. . The Staghorn Sumac can be recognized by its very hairy branches and fruit. Probably just snow. The trunks are generally between 5 and 10 cm (2 to 4”) wide, but some have been recorded with diameters as great at 38 cm (15”). Strain the liquid through a cloth to remove any of the little hairs. Rhus typhina is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate. Sumac species tend to be regional. Sumac Meringu Pie based on a recipe for lemon meringue pie, Portobello Mushrooms  grilled with sumac and balsamic vinegar. When soaked for 10 - 30 minutes in hot or cold water it makes a very refreshing lemonade-like drink (without any fizz of course). However, the big difference is that the poison sumac has clusters of grayish white berries that hang down, and it tends to grow exclusively in low, wet, or flooded areas such as swamps. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. It is 43 rd on the Best Browse List. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from October to December. I guess you are in pie mode! Toxicodendron (the Poison ivy, Poison oak, Poison sumac family.) In Ojibwe, baakwaanaatig, mainly referring to the berry, staghorn sumac is the “lemonadiest” and most vinegary of edible and medicinal shrubs. Branches display U-shaped leaf scars in winter. Thanks for all the ideas, Hilda! – My Favourite Pastime, Pingback: Puffball Mushroom Strata | Along the Grapevine. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Be sure to look for the fuzzy branches if it is staghorn, but if it is sumac, and the berries are red, you might want to find out what type it is. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Edible parts of Stag's Horn Sumach: Fruit - cooked. It generally prefers fertile, upland sites but tolerates a wide variety of conditions. Poison ivy, of course, is a … October 2, 2014 by Hilda 24 Comments. However, one species, Rhus glabra, (Roos GLAY-bra) the “smooth sumac” is found in all contiguous 48 states.The Indians used the shoots of the Rhus glabra in “salads” though many ethonobotanists say the natives never really made “salads” as we know the term. However, staghorn sumac is edible–if you know exactly the right kind of staghorn to eat. They look pretty, though. In the EETG we have Staghorn Sumac, which is different from Poison Sumac. There are 250 geniuses of Sumac which can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. This is Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). What is it? Smooth sumac is the only shrub or tree species native to all 48 contiguous United States. Hope that helps. It shares the Latin name rhus with hundreds of other species, several of which are “poisonous,” but not lethal. Thirdly, it has white, waxy berries. They are invasive – I probably pull hundreds of little ones out of my flower garden every year. Description. Click. Staghorn sumac, however, is an entirely different variety, and is both edible and delicious! Pingback: Walnut and Sumac Eggplant Rolls | Along the Grapevine. The tea has a sweet and lemony taste, sort of like a lemon tea. Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. In the northeast the staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina, synonym: Rhus hirta) predominates. Poison sumac also differs in that it rarely grows in dense, pure stands, and it inhabits swamps. However, I have left one, very pretty one, which I keep meticulously pruned. Younger branches tend to be brown and smooth. Place in food processor. For some really good illustrations of the poison variety, visit this site. It was given its name due to the small velvety hairs that cover its branches, which resemble the velvet of a stag’s antlers. Each cluster of drupes can contain anywhere from 100 to 700 seeds. Staghorn Sumac: Is it Really Edible? I wouldn’t mind if I had acreage. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. There is a poison Sumac but it has white fruit. I’ve also used sumac tea to make a jelly, following the elderberry jelly recipe in packaged pectin. Author: Hilda I am a backyard forager who likes to share recipes using the wild edibles of our area. Getting Started: Sumac is 8 th on our Fabulous Fruit List, and it is an easy beginner forager plant to collect. Anacardiaceae (the Cashew or Sumac family) Rhus (the Cashew or Sumac genus). To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Thanks Hilda, so interested to see what fall and winter yield over in your grapevine of the woods! This is especially true if your skin is sensitive and comes in contact with sumac. The fruit is rather small and with very little flesh, but it is produced in quite large clusters and so is easily harvested. The leaves of poison sumac differ in being hairless and shiny with smooth margins. Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. Move or stir sumac at least once a day. Native to the northeastern part of North America, it is found in open places, along roadsides, edges of forests, and often in my flower garden. Sumac is used to make a drink called Indian Lemonade, referring to indigenous or Native Americans. The sumac that is used in the spice blend is one member of the sumac family (genus, rhus), rhus coriraria or more commonly called European Sumac. So glad to be of help. I’ll keep my eyes open now you’ve enlightened me! The large clustered seed pods attract a variety of wildlife into the winter months. Typical habitats include open fields, roadsides, fence rows, and parkland. This is an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree) that typically grows 15-25 tall. What to do with it: Many Middle Eastern recipes call for sumac powder, and this North American variety is indistinguishable in flavour. Staghorn sumac is found throughout the northeastern U.S. and southeastern Canada. It is particularly noted for the reddish-brown hairs that cover the young branchlets in somewhat the same way that velvet covers the horns of a stag (male deer), hence t… Staghorn sumac is also known as “velvet sumac.” Hairy twig of Staghorn sumac . Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Call lassie! The branches are hairy or fuzzy, like the velvet on a deer's antler. What most commonly grows across North America is a close cousin in the sumac family, rhus typhina or more commonly called Staghorn Sumac. Alternatively, the scraped off berries can be dried, chopped in a blender or food processor and strained through a fine sieve for a powder. Staghorn sumac, winged sumac, and smooth sumac are the most common sumac species in Georgia. It is a shrub which can grow to several metres in height. The poison sumac has white flowers. Staghorn sumac is an open land species often found on drier soils, but which may occasionally occur on low ground. I am a backyard forager who likes to share recipes using the wild edibles of our area. Thanks. Edible sumacs are found in upland areas and don’t like to get their feet wet. Smooth sumac appears much like a small 3 to 5 meters (9 to 15 feet) tall rapidly growing tree. The ripe fruit can be used in baking but the tiny black seeds are very hard and can be problematic for the teeth if chewed on. If there are no posts over the next few days! Sumac, Rhus Juice, Quallah: Good Drink Sumacs look edible and toxic at the same time, and with good reason: They’re in a family that has plants we eat and plants that can make you ill. Sumac, poison ivy, Brazilian pepper, cashews, mangoes and pistachios are all related. div align=”center”>. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. 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