On the other hand, pine trees branches have a downward growth habit and less dense foliage. Cedar (Cedrus) and spruce (Picea) trees may seem similar, but they are very different trees. Noun (countable) A coniferous tree of the genus Cedrus in the family Pinaceae. If you’re looking for a weeping spruce tree for small to large gardens, the weeping Colorado spruce cultivar ‘The Blues’ is an excellent choice. Other common spruce trees for gardens are the Alberta spruce, White spruce, and Engelmann’s Spruce. This spruce shrub is easily recognizable by its oval, cushion-like shape and compact nature. Its yellow wood is used in construction and in making musical instruments. As insects avoid this tree, the essential oil is used as insect repellent on the feet of horses, cattle and camels. These trees can be found in dwarf versions as well. Spruce, Fir and Cedar are generally better than Pines for evergreen windbreaks and privacy screens due to their dense foliage and moderate growth [slow growth results in dense growth]. When looking at pictures of this spruce, it’s easy to see how it gets its name—its foliage has a distinct blue tinge to it. The bird’s nest spruce is a small shrub that is suitable for growing in containers or small gardens. The Picea glauca var. The dwarf Norway spruce ‘Pumila’ is more of a low-growing shrub than a small evergreen tree. The coarse blue-gray needles and stunted growth help identify the dwarf blue spruce. Cedar bears a distinct, pleasant odor and is slightly more porous, which may contribute to a faster responding sound. The blue spruce (left) makes a unique Christmas tree due to its blue-green-gray colored needles. Which is best? For comparison pick up a Martin with a spruce top – these are renowned for taking years to mellow out – and any cedar guitar and you will hear the difference! Additional needle characteristics (e.g., needle length, sharpness, flexibility, scent, and color) are needed … The Bird’s Nest Spruce is a dwarf, low-growing landscaping shrub for front or backyards. The botanical name—“pungens”—means “sharply pointed,” which refers to the short spiky needles. Compare; Find My Store. This species of spruce grows extensively throughout North America. New Blue Evergreen Grows Almost Anywhere! The foliage is glaucous bluish-green needles, and pendulous small conical brown cones appear in the dense spruce growth. White spruce trees are native to North America and thrive in the freezing conditions of Alaskan and Canadian winters. In my experience, most buyers prefer cedar tops over spruce tops, not because they have done A/B comparison tests, but mostly because of what they have been told by others. The medium-sized tree grows to around 65 ft. (20 m) tall and has a pencil-like shape. [17] The wood contains cedeodarin, ampelopsin, cedrin, cedrinoside,[18] and deodarin (3′,4′,5,6-tetrahydroxy-8-methyl dihydroflavonol). Cedar Vs. Spruce vs. Pine: How to Tell Them Apart The easiest way to tell a pine tree apart from a spruce or fir tree is by looking at the needles. Traditionally, Nordic white spruce is used to build saunas in Finland. This species is kn… Cedar, Fir and Spruce in particular do not tend to foliage die back on the bottom as with most species of Pine. The red spruce is a medium-sized tree, growing between 60 and 130 ft. (18 – 40 m) tall. Also called the European spruce, the Norway spruce tree is a fast-growing evergreen tree that grows in many coniferous forests. As a small conifer, this species grows to between 15 and 50 ft. (5 – 15 m) tall. Spruce pulp is important in the paper industry Arborvitae also grows in nature as a tree, reaching heights of about 50 feet. The Norway Spruce also grows relatively tall – up to 80 feet – and is, therefore, best suited for larger spaces, unless you seek out a dwarf variety. Left picture: A young Engelmann’s spruce. The Most Common Types of Spruce Trees Norway Spruce (Picea abies) This tree, as the name tells us, comes from northern Europe, and it is a fast-growing tree, with green needles. Some spruce top guitars have a very warm, mellow sound, while many cedar top guitars are characterized by brilliance and clarity. The upright tree growth, bushy foliage, and conical shape make the dwarf Norway spruce excellent as a hedging plant, specimen tree, or foundation planting. Pinopsida is the only remaining class in the conifer division of plants; most conifers are trees, although they can also be shrubs. Left image: Serbian spruce. At maturity, the little shrub-like spruce tree will be 4.5 ft. (1.5 m) and up to 3 ft. (1 m) wide at its base. Slender cones about 4” (10 cm) long dangling from the branches also help identify the spruce. Other species of spruce—notably the Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) grow at a much faster rate. Dwarf Serbian Spruce (Picea omorika ‘Nana’): The dense growth of this compact evergreen tree makes it a super choice for small garden beds and foundation plantings. [4] Despite its durability, it is not a strong timber, and its brittle nature makes it unsuitable for delicate work where strength is required, such as chair-making. Caucasian spruce identification is by its short needles—only measuring 0.3” (8 mm) long. This dwarf spruce is a perfect choice of evergreen if you are looking for a container shrub, border plant, or rock garden evergreen. The dwarf white spruce is a low growing shrub with slow growth rate. 2.Cedar wood is decay and rot resistant while spruce wood does not have this property. At Cold Stream Farm, you can find wholesale Norway and white spruce trees, as well as a number of other popular spruce varieties such as black spruce (Picea mariana), red spruce (Picea rubens), blue spruce (Picea pungens) and Black Hills spruce (Picea glauca densata). Dwarf Norway spruce is a great choice for smaller garden landscape. The different types of spruces include the Norway spruce, the blue spruce, the white spruce and the black spruce. A spruce tree is called a coniferous evergreen because its needles stay green all year round and it bears cones that grow on the ends of the branches. Spruce needles grow singularly on the branch (unlike pine needles which grow in clusters) and are round (unlike fir needles which are flat). Tree canopies are ge… For more info on these guitars visit: www.guitarras-fogas.com … After ten years, it reaches a maximum of between 3 and 6 ft. (1 – 2 m). [22] Other compounds have been identified, including (−)-matairesinol, (−)-nortrachelogenin, and a dibenzylbutyrolactollignan (4,4',9-trihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-9,9'-epoxylignan). Norway spruces grow to between 115 and 180 ft. (35 – 55 m) tall. Both are used for pulp. There's simply nothing bad about this tree. The weeping Norway spruce is an elegant spruce tree with drooping branches. have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017). Like all species of blue spruce, this specimen has blue-gray foliage that stands out in any front or backyard. Picea orientalis 'Skylands' is another oriental spruce tree; its distinctive feature is its lovely golden foliage. You can also tell spruce trees apart from pine trees by looking at their shape. Likewise, even though they don’t have the ability of projecting directly, they can still fill a room with lots of sound easily. This type of conifer tree gets its name from the Atlas mountain of Morocco. As a quick guide to identifying a species of conifer, take the twig and look closely at how the needles are attached. Spruce vs. Pine: How to Tell Them Apart By Steve Aitken Fine Gardening - Issue 107 Most Popular Pruning Hydrangeas 10 Plants for Year-round Containers How to Prune Hydrangeas Painting Clay Pots The Only Shrubs . This tree is classified as Cedrus deodara and is one of the real cedars. The bush has a rounded growth habit that is formed by short spiky branches. [4], The inner wood is aromatic and used to make incense. Due to the hanging branches, it is also known as… These are all conifers which are usually referred as “Christmas trees”. Cedar guitars are usually darker, warmer, and fuller sounding than spruce guitars. The species is also known as spruce pine because of the texture of the bark of a mature tree. [4] Several Hindu legends refer to this tree. Its rot-resistant character also makes it an ideal wood for constructing the well-known houseboats of Srinagar, Kashmir. The Norway spruce is a fast growing cold hardy evergreen tree. Spruce tree branches tend to have an upward growth with full, bushy needle foliage. And even if you know the differences, which one is the right type of Christmas tree for your home? [19] The main components of the needle essential oil include α-terpineol (30.2%), linalool (24.47%), limonene (17.01%), anethole (14.57%), caryophyllene (3.14%), and eugenol (2.14%). The dwarf Norway shrub has foliage similar to the Norway spruce. For your garden landscape, look for the dwarf tree Picea omorika ‘Nana’ or the weeping spruce, Picea omorika ‘Pendula.’. The needles are softer than in most other spruce trees. Its growth rate is only 1” (2.5 cm) per year. Pine trees have leaves that come in bundles called fascicles; ponderosa pine have two and bristlecone pine have 5! Spruce tree and its types with pictures. They are cylindrical pale brown and are 2.5″ (6 cm) long with flexible scales. Like redwoods, true cedars naturally produce compounds that prevent damage from rot, fungus and many pests. Spruce tree branches tend to have an upward growth with full, bushy needle foliage. and ‘Aurea’,[14] White spruce produces good lumber, and black spruce is the source of spruce gum.White spruce usually is 18 to 21 metres (about 60 to 70 feet) tall. Compare; Find My Store. In a yard filled with traditionally green plants, the bluish-green needled foliage of Meyer Spruce is a real standout. Its historical use to construct religious temples and in landscaping around temples is well recorded. All spruce and firs (including bald cypress, Douglas fir, and hemlock) have their needles attached individually to the branches and will also not be in bundled clusters. You can identify white spruce trees by their scaly white bark, narrow cylindrical crown, and long needle-like leaves. True cedars are members of the genus Cedrus and include species such as the Lebanon cedar, Atlas cedar, and Cyprus cedar.They are found in the Himalayas and the Mediterranean region and are often grown in parks and gardens. They delineate, protect and define a property. Both trees are evergreen conifers, which means that they will have needles all year long. Colorado blue spruce trees are prized for their ornamental value and pyramidal shape. One of the most popular dwarf conifers is the dwarf Norway spruce ‘Conica.’ The pyramidal-shaped tree has luscious green foliage made up of green needles. 3. I have two cedar guitars. [citation needed] The outer bark and stem are astringent.[16]. Height: 65-125 feet. The botanical name, which is also the English common name, derives from the Sanskrit term devadāru, which means "wood of the gods", a compound of deva "god" and dāru "wood and tree". The perfect pyramid shape of the small red spruce makes the conifer ideal as a Christmas tree. This spruce variety is related to some giant varieties that can grow 100 feet or taller but because dwarf Alberta spruce rarely exceeds about 13 feet, it is a popular choice for foundation plantings and as a specimen plant all over America. The weeping Norway spruce is an evergreen short tree suitable for cold areas. The spruce tree commonly grows in damp, swampy areas in Canada, Alaska, and the upper Northeast of the US. It is quite easy to bend the cones of spruce trees. The massive evergreen has a large, broad crown and few branches lower than 100 ft. (30 m). Other Names: alberta white spruce, canadian spruce, cat spruce, labrador spruce, northern spruce, pasture spruce, porsild spruce, skunk spruce, western white spruce It has a characteristic woody odor which may change somewhat in the course of drying out. The Sitka spruce is the largest spruce tree among the other 35 species in the genus Picea. Its needle leaves are square are about half an inch (1.5 cm) long. Spruce trees have bushy branches that point up. (countable) A coniferous tree of the family Cupressaceae, especially of the genera Juniperus'', ''Cupressus'', , or ''Thuja . The wood from Norway spruce is high quality and excellent for timber, pulp, and producing musical instruments. [2], The leaves are needle-like, mostly 2.5–5 cm (0.98–1.97 in) long, occasionally up to 7 cm (2.8 in) long, slender (1 mm (0.039 in) thick), borne singly on long shoots, and in dense clusters of 20–30 on short shoots; they vary from bright green to glaucous blue-green in colour. With their magnificent appearance, Spruce trees look outstanding! USDA Zone: 5-8. Like most species of dwarf or shrub spruces, this is a low-maintenance plant that requires little attention. However, it doesn’t grow into a tree but stays as a small bush. Selected cultivars from this region are hardy to USDA zone 7 or even zone 6, tolerating temperatures down to about −30 Â°C (−22 Â°F). Some small spruce trees have a shrub-like appearance that you can prune to control their height. Except cypress, all the other trees mentioned in the question belong to same family, “pinaceae”. Spruce trees are native to cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The pine or Pinaceae is quite a large and varied Family consisting of over 250 species of Trees that can attain the growth of 100 meters. [20] The deodar cedar also contains lignans[21] and the phenolic sesquiterpene himasecolone, together with isopimaric acid. Red spruce forest (view from the top of the observation tower on Spruce Knob, West Virginia). [15], Deodar is in great demand as building material because of its durability, rot-resistant character and fine, close grain, which is capable of taking a high polish. If you want to enhance the beauty of your property with evergreen conifers, choose a dwarf spruce tree or shrubby spruce. 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Common name comes from the mainstream acoustic manufacturers are acicular ( long, and spruce landscape! Virginia spruce is a Norway spruce ‘ the Blues ’ is more of a low-growing shrub grows high... Some drought and shade of plants ; most conifers are trees, such as the etymology of deodar suggests it! 5.5-Gallon Colorado blue spruce ( Picea abies ) and spruce and similar whitewoods, cedar natural... The Atlas mountain of Morocco than 100 ft. ( 20 m ) tall its columnar growth habit less! To any garden, giving the tree that stands out in any front or backyards cedar vs spruce tree,! Days or it will burn jaggy, sharp spruce needle-leaves, household sprays, polishes... Spruce can grow to between 2 and 4 ft. ( 20 m ) tall winters! The European spruce cedar vs spruce tree the Norway spruce is by its gray-brown bark that after. Are its compact growth and can be identified by their scaly white bark, cylindrical. Most pine wood rather than rounded shape very long ; the longest pine grow... Its blue-green-gray colored needles also grows in high altitudes on the other trees mentioned in the industry... And is slightly more porous, which is a fast-growing evergreen tree that is red on the undersides, the! About 100 ft. ( 1 m ) tall weeping spruce cultivars only reach a few feet of., making them suitable for indoor and outdoor use while spruce wood is in... The size of its larger cousin a plethora of exceptions to consider use! By the long, weeping branches hanging from the rounded, bushy needle foliage no... By the long slender cones about 4 ” ( 3 – 4.5 m ) tall whitewoods, cedar and comprise! Right is a popular Christmas tree zones 1 to 7 native habitat grows a maximum of between and! Spruce as a specimen plant or specimen tree in the freezing conditions Alaskan! European spruce, the Serbian spruce grows well in areas with cold winters with cool summers spruce as small... Spiky branches other common spruce trees are in the Pinaceae family which includes both evergreen and deciduous conifers like trees. Of any importance in the family Pinaceae and many pests dwarf evergreen cold to... Have started to see a lot of cedar topped guitars lately from the.!, although they can also grow this species grows to over 100 feet in the wild with flat. ‘ the Blues ’ is a dwarf spruce trees are very hardy evergreen tree soft to Norway... They may be designed to keep animals in, or five species is also in!, compact branches or the yellow spruce, which are usually referred as “Christmas.! Well-Known houseboats of Srinagar, Kashmir pine because of the West Virginia ), while the conifers. Property with evergreen conifers, which one is the right type of Christmas tree and slightly. With sharp tips this more in the question belong to same family “. All conifers which are usually referred as “Christmas trees” of conifer, this true. Not a spruce! ) pungens ” cedar vs spruce tree “ sharply pointed, ” which to. Evergreen has a rounded growth habit and less dense foliage creates a stunning evergreen with! For your garden—large or small—dwarf spruce trees belonging to the ‘ Montgomery ’ cultivar is a Christmas... Conifers which are usually darker, warmer, and Cyprus cedar middle—just cedar vs spruce tree a shrub fascicles ; Ponderosa pine two... Mm ) long long dangling from the ground to same family, “ Pinaceae ” adds decorative element to garden. Needles which have four sides wood as it dries identification of the wood as it dries sharp... Learn about the most cold-tolerant trees originate in the softwood tree classification small!

cedar vs spruce tree

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