Without civil disobedience, democracy does not exist." Specific disobedience breeds disrespect and promotes general disobedience. Run out of ideas. Civil disobedience is a form of protest in which protestors deliberately violate a law. It doesn't hurt anybody else. Civil disobedience is by definition an illegal activity, a deliberate violation of existing law, with the possibility of punishment, but it walks a fine line that tests public acceptance by casting doubt on the legitimacy of the law and order that is being deliberately broken. What does Thoreau say is not always found in the majority? They would rather say that civil disobedience is the peaceful resistance of conscience. Non-violent civil disobedience is the only way to bring about change that allows people to enjoy the change and not get killed in the process. from www.civilliberties.org/sum98role.html. Contention 1: Civil disobedience is a fundamental right that allows other rights to be protected from unjust laws Associate Professor Susan Tiefenbrun explains. 31 In democracies such as the U.S., citizens have often used civil disobedience as a means of political protest, as exempliÞed by the Boston Tea Party, Susan B. AnthonyÕs protests against female disenfranchisement, and the American Civil Rights Movement. “Within the liberal- democratic tradition, civil disobedience can be considered as a fundamental part of the right to rebel against unfair laws and tyrannical government. Thoreau,for his … “I heartily accept the motto, ‘That government is best which governs least:’ and I should like to see it … Civil Disobedience Quotes This American government, —what is it but a tradition, though a recent one, endeavoring to transmit itself unimpaired to posterity, but each instant losing some of its integrity? My contentions for why civil disobedience is morally justified: 1) Civil disobedience was instrumental and successful in bringing important changes throughout history of the United States. Civil disobedience is a term coined by Henry David Thoreau. 8. Civil Disobedience Latest answer posted October 17, 2016 at 11:30:20 AM What does Thoreau predict about slavery in America in "Civil Disobedience"? The philosophy of civil disobedience was not developed in our American democracy, but in the very first democracy of Athens. Civil disobedience involves a deliberate and punishable breach of legal duty.” Protesters might prefer a different definition. You have to make sure that what you're risking, what you're bringing onto yourself, does not serve as a detriment to anyone else. Although it usually uses tactics of nonviolence, it is more than … Civil disobedience is a counsel of despair and defeat, so undemocratic that it could bring ‘Civil Disobedience’ and the Influence of Transcendentalism Henry David Thoreau (1815-62) was an American writer and philosopher with a strong belief in independence and self-reliance. A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers was also published in 1849. And the key there is in terms of civil disobedience. I heartily accept the motto, "That government is best which governs least"; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically. Join Kwize to pick, add, edit or explain your favorite Civil Disobedience quotes. Most democracies allow appeals to a court against laws which, if shown to be in conflict with the country’s charter of … In his essay from 1849, he defended his refusal to pay taxes because they paid for the state’s warfare and the upholding of slavery. Civil Disobedience Thoreau maintains that "Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison." The basic tenet of a democracy is that the majority holds power on each issue. 2) Civil disobedience is a mechanism … - US Historian Howard Zinn (get his full court testimony from the mid-1980s in the video below) (The following historical methods have been compiled from: Gene Sharp,… What does Thoreau say government should be based on? The most obvious debate against civil disobedience in a democracy is that there are legal channels for change and disobedients should not have to resort to breaching the law. In his essay, Thoreau observesthat only a very few people – heroes, martyrs, patriots,reformers in the best sense – serve their society with theirconsciences, and so necessarily resist society for the most part, andare commonly treated by it as enemies. Mahatma Gandhi Disobedience, the rarest and most courageous of the virtues, is seldom distinguished from neglect, the laziest and commonest of the vices. The term ‘civil disobedience’ was coined by Henry DavidThoreau in his 1848 essay to describe his refusal to pay the state polltax implemented by the American government to prosecute a war in Mexicoand to enforce the Fugitive Slave Law. Civil disobedience can force the will of the minority on the majority. "Civil Disobedience" has become a manifesto of non-violent protest, read and used by Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. Not all of Thoreau's books had as lasting an impact. Continuing the metaphor of government as a machine, Thoreau sees civil disobedience as a "counter friction," or opposing force, pushing against the odds. Justice. Democracy. Justice. What does thoreau say the best government will NOT do in civil disobedience. Civil Disobedience: Destroyer of Democracy by Lewis H. Van Dusen, Jr. No matter what it is called or how it is justified or rationalized, civil disobedience demeans democracy's processes of social change and eventually destroys democracy itself. Our problem is civil obedience.” “Civil disobedience is not something outside the realm of democracy. 30 Civil disobedience has been used to fight slave laws 30 Civil disobedience played a role in ending the Vietnam war. Once that is achieved, civil disobedience should be less necessary and less justifiable for other causes. Boston Tea party, Martin Luther King. More recently, individuals have used civil protest to register their disagreement with Classically, they violate the law they are protesting, such as segregation or draft laws, but sometimes they violate other laws which they find unobjectionable, such as trespass or traffic laws. 30 Civil disobedience shouldn’t be punished- but recognized as enhancing democracy. It has not the vitality and force of a single living man; for a single man can bend it to his will. Henry David Thoreau (Walden - Chapter II: Where I Lived, and What I Lived For, 1854) I love to be alone. Our problem is civil obedience.” ~ Howard Zinn “There was something horrifying in the realization that, in this twenty-first century of what we call ‘civilization,’ we have carved up what we claim is one world into 200 artificially created entities we call ‘nations’ and armed to apprehend or kill anyone who crosses a boundary.” ~ Howard Zinn 22 quotes from Civil Disobedience with Kwize, collaborative quote checking. Civil disobedience was later defined with more precision by John Rawls as a “…a public, nonviolent, conscientious yet political act contrary to law usually done with the aim of bringing about a change in the law or policies of the government” i… Civil disobedience would be fully justifable now in the UK in favour of a more democratic voting system that resulted in more representative Parliaments and allowed us to choose between candidates of different views in the same party. The Role of Civil Disobedience in Democracy. Why not get together with a few people and try some of these? Democracy requires civil disobedience. To engage in civil disobedience is to feel the abundance of courage, the gratitude for a democracy that still invites us to speak from our hearts, to act from our conscience and have faith in the consequences of moral action. Terry Tempest Williams It is an attempt to influence society to accept a dissenting point of view. Let your life—all your actions, not just some of them—show your beliefs. The civil disobedient, finding legitimate avenues of change blocked or nonexistent, feels obligated by a higher, extralegal principle to break some specific law. Civil disobedience under these circumstances is at best deplorable and at worst destructive. They will not govern in civil disobedience. Civil disobedience is an ad hoc device at best, and ad hoc measures in a law society are dangerous. Civil disobedience is a form of exercising free speech- which is essential in a democracy. Our grievances must be settled in the courts and not in the streets. Henry David Thoreau (Civil Disobedience, 1849) To a philosopher all news, as it is called, is gossip, and they who edit and read it are old women over their tea. This is true today in Massachusetts, he says: in prison, a person can live with honor among the victims of injustice. “Civil disobedience is not our problem. -- Edward James Olmos, actor We are here, not because we are law-breakers; we are here in our efforts to become law-makers. "Democracy requires civil disobedience. by Kayla Starr, adapted by Bonnie Blackberry. The Role of Civil Disobedience in Democracy. Civil disobedience presupposes willing obedience of our self-imposed rules, and without it civil disobedience would be a cruel joke. Any man more right than his neighbors, constitutes a … Negotiations, coalitions, and agreements create a group which makes decisions for the society based on the voting will of the general public. We need a working definition of this fine line in the first instance. It is because acts associated with civil disobedience are considered crimes, however, and “Protest beyond the law is not a departure from democracy; it is absolutely essential to it.” “You can't be neutral on a moving train.” “Civil disobedience is not our problem. Abundance is a form of consciousness. Civil Disobedience is the act of disobeying a law on grounds of moral or political principle. Sometimes to do the right thing, you have to break a law. ― Henry David Thoreau, quote from Civil Disobedience and Other Essays “We rarely meet a man who can tell us any news which he has not read in a newspaper, or been told by his neighbor; and, for the most part, the only difference between us and our fellow is, that he has seen the newspaper, or been out to tea, and we have not.” In Massachusetts, he quotes about civil disobedience in a democracy: in prison, a person can live with honor among victims... The Vietnam war of civil disobedience can force the will of the minority on voting... 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