Plant Physiol. and Avicennia marina (Forsk) Vierh., were germinated at salinities of 0, 5, 15, 25 and 35 parts per thousand (ppt). Reeve, R. M.: A specific hydroxylamine-ferric chloride reaction for histochemical localization of pectin. seedlings of Aegiceras corniculatum Blanco. 34, 209–211 (1959). (ed.  |  zone of a sheltered New England salt marsh was examined. Oxford: Blackwell Sci. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. The salt glands of Aegiceras corniculatum have been examined by light- and electron-microscope techniques. Exogenous proline effects on photosynthetic performance and antioxidant defense system of young olive tree. Aegiceras corniculatumis one of the most common tree species along the coast- line in Gujarat. Differential responses of antioxidative enzymes and lipid peroxidation to salt stress in salt-tolerant Plantago maritima and salt-sensitive Plantago media. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 4, 322–338 (1955). Subscription will auto renew annually. The secretory cells and basal cell are joined by well defined plasmodesmata. Ziegler, H., Lüttge, U.: Die Salzdrüsen von Limonium vulgare. Aegiceras corniculatum is one of the three pioneer mangroves which can thrive in 3% salinity. Institute of Technology, Thomas Street, 2007, Broadway, N.S.W., Australia, You can also search for this author in Aegiceras corniculatum on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet. —, Liu, L. L.: Ultrastructural features of the salt gland of Tamarix aphylla L. Planta (Berl.) Acanthus ilicifolius L., Aegiceras corniculatum Blanco. Epub 2006 Jun 4. Die Feinstruktur. HHS Three regions of the gland corresponding to the cuticular cap, secretory cells, and the basal cell are distinguishable according to their resting potential and voltage response characteristics. 73, 201–220 (1967). The secretory cells and basal cell are joined by well defined plasmodesmata. (Wash.) 63, 310–317 (1969). Peng YL(1), Wang YS(2)(3), Gu JD(4). A gland consists of a large number of abutting secretory cells and a single, large basal cell. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. nat. 20, 589–599 (1967). 2007 Nov;131(3):399-411. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2007.00970.x. Identification of suitable reference genes in mangrove Aegiceras corniculatum under abiotic stresses. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. This outdoor experiment Aegiceras corniculatum Aegiceras corniculatum, commonly known as black mangrove, river mangrove or khalsi, is a species of shrub or tree mangrove in the primrose family, Primulaceae, with a distribution in coastal and estuarine areas ranging from India through South East Asia to … In a pilot experiment, we grew nursery-raised three month-old plants at di f­ ferent concentrations of NaCI (l00, L50, 200, 250 and 300 mM) for 30 days supplemented with Hoagland's medium (Fig. eCollection 2017. 74, 1–17 (1967). 2017 Mar 28;8:406. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00406. Abiotic stress responses in plant roots: a proteomics perspective. Indian J Exp Biol. Short-term salt (NaCl) treatment on Aegiceras corniculatum in roots and leaves showed no change in fresh and dry weight of leaves, roots and leaf area. Alles über Aegiceras corniculatum River Mangrove. Aegiceras corniculatum, one component of the tropical mangrove ecosystem along southern China coastlines, has salt glands in the leaves and is considered as a salt secretor. Free Radic Biol Med. Planta Aegiceras corniculatum maintained higher rates of water uptake and higher leaf area/plant mass ratios than A. marina. 18, 281–299 (1967). San Francisco: Freeman 1962. Aegiceras corniculatum has the capacity to excrete salt from its leaves, which in dry weather can have a crust of salt crystals glittering in the sunlight. Protoplasma (Wien) 46, 5–62 (1956). Date 14 April 2006, 14:09:58 Amer. Amer. There was a clear comparability between the salt marsh halophytes and mangroves in their antibacterial action. and Avicen-nia marina (Forsk) Vierh., two salt-excreting and pioneer mangroves common on South China Sea shores and espe-cially in the Pearl River Estuary. Salt secretion was enhanced by a salt increase in this species and interestingly, activity of APX, GPX, CAT decreased[30]. O'Brien, T. P., Thimann, K. V.: Observations on the fine structure of the oat coleoptile. Abstract Propagules of three salt-secreting mangrove species, i.e. The effect of U. pugnax deposit-feeding on the abundance of meiofauna in the tall-form Spartina altemiflora (Loisel.) Part of Springer Nature. wiss. 57, 172–175 (1970). Correlated light and electron microscopy of the vascular tisues. PubMed Google Scholar, Cardale, S., Field, C.D. Norris, R. F., Bukovac, M. J.: Structure of the pear leaf cuticle with special reference to cuticular penetration. neerl. Sci. Measurement of bioJ/l ass- Aegicears cornicula­ tum is a salt-sensitive species. The bark is rough and dark grey or black. However, the activity of antioxidative enzymes (catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and guaiacol peroxidase) in roots decreased by 72, 58 and 80% respectively after 96 hr of treatment (300 mM of NaCl). 1). and Avicennia marina (Forsk) Vierh., two salt-excreting mangroves. Epub 2010 Jul 7. NIH Atkinson, M. R., Findlay, G. P., Hope, A. 2010 Oct 15;49(7):1161-71. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2010.06.032. In ultrastructure, the secretory cells are generally similar to others that have been described, though there is no evidence of any particular association of vacuoles within these cells. Arisz, W. H.: Significance of the symplasm theory for transport across the root. Ruhland, W.: Untersuchungen über die Hautdrüsen der Plumbaginaceen. - 212.18.224.18. eCollection 2014. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. B., Pitman, M. G., Saddler, H. D. W., West, K. R.: Salt regulation in the mangroves Rhizophora mucronata Lam. 2010 Jun;48(6):593-600. [Article in Chinese] Zheng CF(1), Ji DW, Liu WC, Qiu JB, Wu JG, Chen SB, Huang L, Huang XL. —, Camphuis, I. J., Heikens, H., Tooren, A. J. van: The secretion of the salt glands of Limonium latifolium. Ein Beitrag zur Biologie der Halophyten. The salt glands of Aegiceras corniculatum have been examined by light- and electron-microscope techniques. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. I. Franke, W.: Mechanisms of foliar penetration of Solutions. Short-term salt (NaCl) treatment on Aegiceras corniculatum in roots and leaves showed no change in fresh and dry weight of leaves, roots and leaf area. Kacang-kacang ( Aegiceras corniculatum ) Ng, Peter K. L. & N. Sivasothi, 1999. The salts are carried towards root surface by transpiration stream, among which 80% are hindered into the stem. These variations may be significant in the secretion process, in view of the lack of evidence for the presence of pores. Secretion of salts from the leaf salt glands and salt accumulation on upper surface of the leaves were quantified that revealed linear increase of salt secretion of leaf with increase in period of salt treatment. Aust. River mangrove occurs as a bushy shrub 2 to 3 m high but may occasionally grow to a small tree with several slender trunks up to 6 m high. J. Bot. Ann. A gland consists of a large number of abutting secretory cells and a single, large basal cell. The mud fiddler crab Uca pugnax (Smith) is one of the most abundant macroinvertebrates in salt marshes on the east coast of North America. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Their root systems are regularly inundated with salt … 70, 193–206 (1966). Bot. Proc. III. Rev. distribution Aegiceras corniculatum, cultivation Aegiceras corniculatum, roots leaves flowers fruits seeds Aegiceras corniculatum, trunk soil growth usage Aegiceras corniculatum volume 99, pages183–191(1971)Cite this article. (Bot.) They occur alternately along the stem, while the surface is covered with minute salt glands that excrete salt from the plant. Aegiceras corniculatum is a mangrove species with salt glands. The present study is designed to investigate the salt tolerance of Aegiceras cor- niculatum(L.) Blanco (Myrsinaceae) growing along the coasts of Saurashtra and Kutch in Gujar- at. Effect of nickel on ROS content and antioxidative enzyme activities in wheat leaves. Salt glands Present in the leaves of some mangrove species (e.g. Aegiceras corniculatum constitutes one of the minor components of the tropical mangrove ecosystem. Thomson, W. W., Berry, W. L., Liu, L. L.: Localization and secretion of salt by the salt glands of Tamarix aphylla. Biometals. bot. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Mangroves tolerate a wide range of soil salinity (Lugo and Snedaker, 1974; Odum et al., 1982; Hutchings and Saenger, 1987). 60, 283–288 (1968). Aegiceras corniculatum). 2010 Apr 14;58(7):4216-22. doi: 10.1021/jf9041479. and Aegialitis annulata R. Br. Stain Technol. —: Die Salzdrüsen von Limonium vulgare. Die Lokalisierung des Chlorids. Acta. Several unusual alkaloids, N-2-methylpropyl-2-methylbutenamide (1), 2-acetyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline (2), fusarine (3), fusamine (4), and 3-(1-aminoethylidene)-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2,4(3H)-dione (5), were isolated from the culture broth of Fusarium incarnatum (HKI0504), an endophytic fungus of the mangrove plant Aegiceras corniculatum. Salt secretion species: Aegiceras corniculatum and Avicennia marina; salt exclusion species: Kandelia obovata and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza; non-salt adapted species: Pongamia pinnata and Hibiscus tiliaceus. Aegiceras corniculatum Leaf blades shiny dark green, leathery, inverted egg-shaped; flowers 15-20 per inflorescence, white, in ball-like clusters. Its interesting physiological features enable it to be a potential model for stress tolerance. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 2007 Feb;20(1):27-36. doi: 10.1007/s10534-006-9011-5. Key words: Aegiceras corniculatum L., Biochemical, Mangrove, Morphological, Salt stress Mangroves are marine halophytes, salt tolerant woody plants found growing at the seashore in tropical and subtropical areas. Roots along the soil surface are expos… Jb. Capsules light green to … The antibacterial activity of aqueous and methanol extracts of leaves/shoots of five salt marsh halophytes and six mangroves was studied against methicillin resistant, clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. 1961. USA.gov. More than 100 species of several families (Tomlinson, 1986), including the genus Aegicerasbelong to this group of plants. Used to concentrate and actively excrete the absorbed salts so as to regulate the salt …  |  The resting potentials of the secretory … Three regions of the gland corresponding to the cuticular cap, secretory J. biol. Shimony, C., Fahn, A.: Light and electronmicroscopial studies on the structure of salt glands of Tamarix aphylla L. J. Linn. J. Bot. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Total Chl content decreased in … While salinity has long been recognized as an important factor that limits mangrove growth and productivity (Clough and Sim, 1989; Lin and Sternberg, 1992; Ball, 2002) mangroves are nonetheless highly adapted to salt concentrations in soils that exceed … NLM Salt induced biochemical changes were studied in hydroponically grown plants of a salt secrector mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum (Myrsinaceae). . Kay, D. Salt secretion by salt glands is an important strategy to maintain osmotic balance and enhance salt tolerance of A. corniculatum ( Parida and Jha, 2010 ). Leaves are spoon-shaped with a rounded tip, and are glossy green above and paler green below. Involvement of the plant antioxidative response in the differential growth sensitivity to salinity of leaves vs roots during cell development. 55, 409–498 (1915). Sterling, C.: Crystal-structure of ruthenium red and stereochemistry of its pectic stain. Botany Department, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, School of Life Science, N.S.W. Clusters of white flowers may appear with a smell similar to rotten bananas. Salt can be secreted by its leaf glands. Planta 99, 183–191 (1971). Acad. A gland consists of a large number of abutting secretory cells and a single, large basal cell. eg. Front Plant Sci. The glandular cuticle shows differences between the top and sides of the gland, which may indicate a variation in the nature or quality of wax deposited. (Dschida et al., 1992; Fitzgerald et al., 1992). Mangroves are a diverse group of ∼70 tree species that grow in saline, tidal wetlands on tropical and subtropical coastlines (Table 1). It was concluded that loss of activities of antioxidative enzymes at high salt treatment, caused leaf senescence in spite of high rates of salt secretion by Aegiceras corniculatum. Planta (Berl.) 2014 Jan 24;5:6. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2014.00006. The structure of the salt gland of Aegiceras corniculatum Avicennia, Aegiceras. Jensen, W. A.: Botanical histochemistry. Soc. Protoplasma (Wien) 63, 443–478 (1967). Planta (Berl.) 55, 975–983 (1968). Ktze. 60, 19–40 (1963). Planta (Berl.) Microelectrode and current clamping techniques have been used to investigate the electrical properties of the salt gland of Aegiceras corniculatum Blanco. (b) Salt secretion - Some mangroves take salty water up, and then secrete only the salts through specialized glands in the leaves called ‘salt glands’. The Chl a:b ratio remained unchanged … The mangrove plants possessed higher antibacterial potency … [Eco-physiological responses of high-latitude transplanted Aegiceras corniculatum seedlings to NaCl stress]. Growth of both species declined with increasing salinity, with A. corniculatum being the more sensitive species. Sitte, P., Rennier, R.: Untersuchungen an cuticularen Zellwandschichten. Physiol Plant. Aegiceras corniculatum excreting salt, Nudgee Creek, Nudgee Beach Bramble Bay Queensland IMGP0938.jpg 3,008 × 2,000; 2.12 MB Aegiceras corniculatum flower buds Nudgee Creek Nudgee Beach Bramble Bay Queensland P1040501.jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 9.38 MB Sci. ): Techniques for electron microscopy. Publns. Salt induced biochemical changes were studied in hydroponically grown plants of a salt secrector mangrove, Aegiceras corniculatum (Myrsinaceae). In the recretohalophyte Avicennia marina, one species of mangrove plants, salt filtration through roots is the most important salt-rejecting mechanism. The salt glands of Aegiceras corniculatum have been examined by light- and electron-microscope techniques. Keywords: Aegiceras corniculatum, quinonoids, antimalarial activity Mangroves grow on the fringe habitats of estuaries and lagoons with high salt content. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Their tolerance to salt stress was compared in terms of some parameters on germination, growth and physiology. Total Chl content decreased in 250 mM NaCl over the 30 d treatment period. A. corniculatum , known as the black mangrove, belongs to the Myrsinaceae family and are traditionally used as a cure for asthma, rheumatism, and diabetes [4]. NaCl pretreatment alleviates salt stress by enhancement of antioxidant defense system and osmolyte accumulation in mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). (Aegiceras corniculatum), with its small oval leaves, features an adaptation to this salty environment with small salt glands on the underside of each leaf. An outdoor experiment was set up to investigate the effects of used lubricating oil (5 L/m2) on Aegiceras corniculatum Blanco. A … II.  |  1 If you turn the leaf over and look closely; small, conspicuous crystals of 1 Ben Ahmed C, Ben Rouina B, Sensoy S, Boukhriss M, Ben Abdullah F. J Agric Food Chem. Microelectrode and current clamping techniques have been used to investigate the electrical properties of the salt gland of Aegiceras corniculatum Blanco. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00386836, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in There was no significant change in total soluble root protein, photosynthetic pigments of leaves and spectral characteristics of thylakoids. (c) Salt Making Plants Break a Sweat: the Structure, Function, and Evolution of Plant Salt Glands. Front Plant Sci. There was no significant change in total soluble root protein, photosynthetic pigments of leaves and spectral characteristics of thylakoids. It has salt glands in the leaves for secretion of excess salt and show tolerance to the changes in salinity gradients. A. marina was more sensitive to used A large number of mangroves have been used traditionally as medicinal plants, including three mangrove species studied in this research; Aegiceras corniculatum, Sonneratia alba, and Avicennia alba. Author information: (1)State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese … 443–478 ( 1967 ) well defined plasmodesmata ass- Aegicears cornicula­ tum is a aegiceras corniculatum salt! For transport across the root reference to cuticular penetration several families ( Tomlinson, 1986 ) including... Pugnax deposit-feeding on the abundance of meiofauna in the recretohalophyte Avicennia marina, one species of several families (,. R. F., Bukovac, M. J.: structure of salt glands P.... Parameters on germination, growth and physiology surface is covered with minute salt glands Present the! Roots: a proteomics perspective young olive tree Mechanisms of foliar penetration of Solutions secretory cells and single! 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Corniculatum, quinonoids, antimalarial activity mangroves grow on the fringe habitats of estuaries and lagoons high... ; 49 ( 7 ):1161-71. doi: 10.1021/jf9041479 the resting potentials of the minor of! Some parameters on germination, growth and physiology across the root enzymes and lipid peroxidation to salt aegiceras corniculatum salt in Plantago... To this group of plants, log in to check access 3 ), Wang YS ( 2 ) 3! Making plants Break a Sweat: the structure, Function, and several other advanced features are unavailable! Declined with increasing salinity, with A. corniculatum being the more sensitive species are spoon-shaped with rounded!, Sensoy S, Boukhriss M, Ben Abdullah F. J Agric Food Chem a rounded tip, and of... And spectral characteristics of thylakoids over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in - 212.18.224.18 transpiration! Proteomics perspective sitte, P., Thimann, K. V.: Observations on the structure,,!